Annex 42-8-9 (FTL designator - this is a translation from the French site and all credit belongs with the French Team)
The Lavalist Collaborator Government in Occupied France
Excerpts from the book Lacombe Lucien "The Collabos - The French who wanted the victory of Germany" (Paris, 1975).
In 1942, three organizations share most of the collaborationist political arena since the introduction of the first government of New French State August 13, 1940, under the authority (in principle) of Pierre Laval. They are theoretically headed by the French Renewal Party, but it must be admitted that it, torn by struggles between Deat, Doriot and Laval the Collaborator Government will never be more than a shell.
The People's National Rally (RNP) is a party founded by Marcel Deat (former leader of the Socialist Party), Minister of Economy and Labour. Inspired by European socialists and he intended to "protect the breed" and actively collaborate with the National Socialist Germany. The RNP is built around a core of former militants of the SFIO (besides Marcel Deat, Desphelippon Francis, former head of Rotarian Socialists Mr Roland, secretary of the CGT technicians and especially Georges Albertini, former secretary of Socialist Youth and future general secretary RNP), neo-socialists, trade unionists, communists (Henri Barbé), Trotskyists (who later create the Workers' Party), members of the National Union of Combatants (UNC) including its president , Industrial and Conservative MP John Goy, and various Cagoulards gone through the revolutionary social movement.  The number of RNP rotate between 40 000 and 50 000 active members. His arm, Economic Control, which supports Deat his position as Minister of Economics and Labour, is certainly the most improbable amalgam of all the medley of French collaboration. As the militia of the other parties, the paramilitary troops recruited outside its parent organization. It has about 9000 men more concerned with looking after their personal interests than in building the new National Socialist Europe; their military effectiveness is limited. Perhaps most formidable is the propaganda spread by the official organ of the party newspaper L'Oeuvre, led by Deat himselfsince 1940.
The French Popular Party (PPF) is a party of the extreme right, fascist-inspired "classic", led by Jacques Doriot, Minister of Interior and National Reconstruction. Founded in 1936 by former members of the French Communist Party, as Henri Barbé (soon dissenting) or Paul Marion, he scored in his political office Mayor Simon Sabiani Marseille. However, in 1937, the PPF includes former activists league dissolved in June 1936 by the government of Leon Blum. Some, for whom fascism extends their previous political commitment came from the French Action.Came from the Croix de Feu. Still others came from French Solidarity and some of francisme Marcel Bucard as Yveteaux of Vauquelin, in charge of the propaganda of the PPF. The party organ is the National Emancipation. It has a youth movement, the Popular Union of Youth French (UPJF).
In 1938, the PPF account probably 60 000 members, 95 000 in 1940. Initially, workers and the unemployed are in the majority, but as noted by Pierre Milza (fascism, Imprimerie Nationale, Paris, 1985), the gentrification of the PPF and its corollary, the abandonment of bold social demands, are even faster in the party of Jacques Doriot than in the party of Mussolini. This is particularly clear outside the Paris area. Sections of the Côte-d'Or, considered representative of the province, had a half activists from Croix-de-Feu, third from Action French, and only a tenth from the PC or the SFIO. PPF draws until 1939, technocrats who occupy important positions in government collaboration, such as Pierre Pucheu. It also affects intellectuals like the writer Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, the openly fascist socialist eugenicist Doctor Alexis Carrel and the Maurrassians Paul Chack and Abel Bonnard, involved in the development of the economic program of the Freedom Front in 1937. [ 2]
Until 1938, the PPF will keep devoting major efforts into anti-Semitism, saying he has better things to do than to attack the Jews, or a fortiori to defend. But from the autumn of this year, his positions evolve rapidly: the influence of Nazism and the hardest elements of Italian fascism is affirmed.
On 19 November 1940, the PPF form to support his head a paramilitary unit called Special Sections for the Fight against Anti-National Activities that Doriot baptized prefer the more poetic name Crusader Reconstruction (whose brown uniform reminds s' unmistakably that the deceased SA ...). This arm, strong men initially 5000, encompass not only activists eager to do battle on the field but also a large number of adventurers and crooks recruited mainly in the South of France to reach 14,000 men 1942.
However, the Minister of the Interior can only count to 1 000 to 1 500 police men, the rest of the workforce is considered "infected by the communists" (the term "communist" in this case includes the government of Algiers) and absolutely unfit for military service, as likely to go in the bush with arms and baggage.
The Service Order of the French Government, led by Joseph Darnand installed in their personal capacity as Minister of the Interior-bis, is not itself a party.
In the weeks after the Germans entered Paris, while some believe the inevitable French capitulation and armistice, the germ of the idea of an organization of "national policing", which seems all the more necessary after the departure of the government in Algiers. On 25 September 1940, Pierre Laval creates Groups Défense Provisional Government. These groups must "cooperate with the police in gathering information on subversive movements and factions and organizing security officials GPEF. "In fact, Laval wishes to make his personal guard. On 6 November, he decided to transform GDGP Service Order in the New French State (SONEF), which he entrusted the command to Joseph Darnand.
SONEF advocates the leader-worship , hatred of democracy, racism, but also "Collaboration" with Nazi Germany, which Laval preaches personally on the radio after his meeting with Hitler on 21 August 1940. Collaborationist positions are adopted by Darnand under the influence of Laval, he takes the letter and statements and never ceases to give Laval support.
Taking the example of the SS and the Waffen-SS, Darnand quickly creates a paramilitary organization closely linked to SONEF: the French Militia. This troop count up to 60,000 men in black uniforms, while they lack the committed internationalist convictions in the LVF, they are zealous auxiliaries of the Wehrmacht on French territory and ferociously murderous German auxiliaries in other conquered regions. They are regarded elsewhere as on a par with the worst of the Baltic states Einsatztruppen.
Moreover, if the police in theory depend on Laval (Minister, among other things, of Defense), among the number who have not joined Algiers are a hard core of 500 to 900 men dedicated and sworn to the self-proclaimed leader of the New French State.
Completing this grim panorama areother military organizations and / or government entities supporting Laval.
Movement Franciste. The Movement Franciste (MF) was founded in 1933 by Marcel Bucard. The league, which included up to 10 000 members before 1940, is the French equivalent of Italian Fascist and is subsidised by Mussolini. The Francistes, also known as the "Blue Shirts", in uniform and use the Roman salute same as French Solidarity. On the death of the President of French Solidarity, François Coty in 1934, its members rallied to the Movement Franciste. The Blue Shirts say at the time: "Our philosophy is opposed to that of most of our seniors. Our fathers wanted freedom, we call order. They professed equality, we say the hierarchy of values. "Openly fascist and anti-Semitic, probably the most extreme of the time, he participated in the riots of 6 February 1934. The movement was disbanded in June 1936 and Bucard was imprisoned. The attempted reformation in 1938 was short-lived, as the party was quickly dissolved again.
However, in October 1940, Bucard able to rebuild his party in the shadow of the PRF. 600 members in December 1940, it reached 6,000 in August 1942 - but among them, how many are old hard-liners and how many are opportunists?
Then there is still the Active Leagues, or reformed after August 1940 and is trying to unite the French Action (not without difficulty, since some of its activists joined the PPF, while others have migrated to North Africa).
Young Patriots. The Young Patriots, created in December 1924, were as the "youth section" of Deroulede's League of Patriots , whose objective was to strengthen the executive and "the protection of institutions against the left." The Young Patriots had adopted rituals inspired by Italian fascism, military parades and Roman salutes. But they were most fascist in their rituals in their program. Reformed in 1941 under the leadership of Serge France, while they account for 200 to 600 militants are very active, especially advocating armed struggle against the Bolshevik enemy (most eventually joined the Charlemagne Division in 1942-43).
The League. The league was created in November 11, 1925 by Georges Valois, former anarchist and royalist. The league, which boasts openly modeled after Italian fascism, intends to make the synthesis of nationalism and socialism: establishing a national dictatorship over all social classes, with a chief proclaimed by combatants and cheered by the crowd. It consists of four 'beams' (the beam or Legion of Combatants, bringing together veterans of the First World War and colonial wars, organized into companies, groups and sections, the beam Producers, composed of corporations, the beam with the Youth Fascist Youth and university beam 'Harness the Civic'). It has a newspaper (The New Century, founded February 26, 1925). Its members, always on the Italian model, wearing a uniform in 1926, there were 25,000 "blue shirts". The beam knows but in 1928 serious internal divisions and splits. It was reformed in 1941 by the son of Georges Valois, Edmond, who fails to pay its workforce to 1,200 members.
There were also local organizations more or less faithful to Laval, and this completes the picture.